MAME stands for Multiple Arcade Machine Emulator. MAME can emulate thousands of games that otherwise would have been lost in the ash-heaps of history.
r-type continued his fantastic stewardship of the up-to-date MAME core, keeping it in lockstep with upstream releases.
MAME is a source-available project which documents the hardware for a wide variety of (mostly vintage) arcade machines, computers, video game consoles, and calculators through software emulation. As a nice side effect to this documentation, MAME allows software and games for these hardware platforms to be run on modern PCs. Prior to version 0.162 (May 2015), MAME only supported arcade machines, and MESS was a separate emulator for all other types of systems, built on the same code base, although there has been increasingly close cooperation between the teams for many years.